Logo SINP - Système d'information sur la nature et les paysages

Distribution of planktonic foraminifera in surface sediments of the Mediterranean Sea

Description :

 The Mediterranean Sea is a partillay isolated ocean where excess evaporation over precipitation results in large east to west gradients in temperature and salinity. Recent planktonic foraminiferal distributions have been examined in 66 surface sediment samples from the Mediterranean Sea. In addition to mapping the frequency distribution of 16 species, the faunal data has been subjected to cluster analysis, factor analysis and species diversity analysis. The clustering of species yields assemblages that are clearly temperature related. A warm assemblage contains both tropical and subtropical elements, while the cool assemblage can be subdivided into cool-subtropical, transitional and polar-subpolar groupings. Factor analysis is used to delineate the geographic distribution of four faunal assemblages. Factor 1 is a tropical-subtropical assemblage dominated by Globigerinoiden ruber. It has its highest values in the warmer eastern basin. Transitional species (Globorotalia inflata and Globigerina bulloides) dominate factor 2 with highest values occurring in the cooler western basin. Factor 3 reflects the distribution of Neogloboquadrina dutertrei and is considered to be salinity dependent. Subpolar species dominate factor 4 (Neoglobuquadrina pachyderma and G. bulloides), with highest values occurring in the northern part of the western basin where cold bottom water is presently being formed. The Shannon-Weiner index of species diversity shows that high diversity exists over much of the western basin and immediately east of the Strait of Sicily. This region is marked by equitable environmental conditions and relatively even distribution of individuals among the species. Conversely, in areas where temperature and salinity values are more extreme, diversity values are lower and the assemblages are dominated by one or two species.

Link GBIF portal : https://www.gbif.org/dataset/86f36f7e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a

Project :
Title : Climatic Variability of the Mediterranean Paleo-circulation; 
				Southern European Seas: Assessing and Modelling Ecosystem Changes;
Abstract : 
Funding : 
Le jeu de données diffusé est issu d'un traitement automatique appliqué sur les données issues du GBIF. Les règles de l'INPN et plus globalement du SINP (en termes de périmètre et de contrôle sur les données) peuvent impliquer que l'ensemble des données du jeu source ne soit pas restitué dans le SINP.
 The disseminated dataset stems from an automatic treatment applied to data coming from GBIF. INPN rules, and more generally SINP rules (in terms of perimeter and data quality controls) may imply that the whole of the source dataset might not be provided on the SINP platform. 


 Non renseigné 




 Non renseigné 

Emprise géographique


Type Organisme Nom
Fournisseur THUNELL Robert C
Producteur PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Dates publication :

Premiere diffusion : 26/09/2019 
Dernière mise à jour : 26/09/2019  

Liste des espèces répertoriées :

Filtrer par Règne

Filtrer par Classe

Filtrer par Ordre

Filtrer par Famille
Nom scientifique CD_NOM Règne Classe Ordre Famille Date première observation Date dernière observation Fiche

Chiffres clés :

 3 données 
 Non renseigné 
 Non renseigné 

Répartition des données par groupes taxonomiques :

Groupes vernaculaires de premier ordre
Groupes vernaculaires de second ordre

Répartition temporelle: