Subtidal macrobenthos monitoring in function of a foreshore suppletion at the Belgian coast, period 2013-2016

Description :


What ecological effects does a foreshore suppletion, and a beach suppletion, have on the marine ecosystem in the intertidal and shallow surf zone (<6 m depth)? The foreshore suppletion (400.000m³) was by means of an experimental set-up in the shallow coastal zone (-1 to -2m TAW) of Mariakerke. Beside it, a beach nourishment was conducted at Mariakerke (681243m³) and Middelkerke (968754m³). For the Mariakerke area, we collect biological and sedimentological samples in the impact area and in a control area (Bredene), before as after the suppletion, whereas for Middelkerke only the data after suppletion was part of the study. We monitor the marine ecosystem with a focus on the fauna within the sediment (macrofauna) and on the sediment (hyperbenthos, epi- and demersal fish fauna) in the intertidal zone and subtidal zone. In both studies, the subtidal area is the zone between the low water line and the 6m depth line and the intertdial area is the zone between low and high tide water line.

This dataset contain the macrobenthic data collected in the subtidal area. Macrobenthos are the biota that lives in the sediment and are retained on a sieve of 1mm. The sampling design for the monitoring is following the BACI-design (Before After Control Impact), with a control area with similar habitat characteristics outside the influence of the suppletion activity. There is sampled before the suppletion and in the following two years after suppletion. In this BACI-monitoring, the seasonal aspect is taken into account, by taking samples in spring (March) and autumn (September). In the subtidal area, three depth strata were determined to investigated the influence of the suppletion outside the suppletion area. Stratum a (between low water line and -2m TAW) is the area were the foreshore suppletion is executed. Stratum b and c are taken respectively the depth zones -3m to -4m and -5m to -6m TAW. The amount of sampling locations was determined by the client and determines 15 points for each sampling moment. That amount of samples was via a systematic random stratified strategy distributed over each stratum (5 in each strata). The samples were taken with a Van Veen grab (0.1m²). The samples were sieved alive on a 1mm sieve and then fixed with an 8% formaldehyde-seawater solution. The sieved material is stained with eosin. All biota were determined and counted to species level following a standardized taxonomic discrimination protocol. This to determine the determination level and if certain life stages (larvae, juveniles) need to be discriminated. The biomass is determined as wet weight. All macrobenthic samples were taken following the ISO16665:2005(E)) (“Water quality – Guidelines for quantitative sampling and sample processing of marine soft-bottom macrofauna”). Moreover, the analyses (identification, counts and biomass) were conform NBN EN ISO/IEC 17025 standard executed (cfr. BELAC nr. 315-TEST: date 28/04/2016, valid until 05/03/2020).

Link GBIF portal : Le jeu de données diffusé est issu d'un traitement automatique appliqué sur les données issues du GBIF. Les règles de l'INPN et plus globalement du SINP (en termes de périmètre et de contrôle sur les données) peuvent impliquer que l'ensemble des données du jeu source ne soit pas restitué dans le SINP. The disseminated dataset stems from an automatic treatment applied to data coming from GBIF. INPN rules, and more generally SINP rules (in terms of perimeter and data quality controls) may imply that the whole of the source dataset might not be provided on the SINP platform.


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Emprise géographique


Type Organisme Nom
Fournisseur Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij; Instituut voor landbouw- , visserij en voedingsonderzoek; Kenniseenheid: Dier Aquatisch Milieu en Kwaliteit (LV)
Fournisseur Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij Instituut voor landbouw-, visserij en voedingsonderzoek (LV-ILVO)
Fournisseur Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij Instituut voor landbouw-, visserij en voedingsonderzoek (LV-ILVO) VAN HOEY Gert
Producteur Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij Instituut voor landbouw-, visserij en voedingsonderzoek (LV-ILVO) VAN HOEY Gert

Dates publication :

Premiere diffusion : 26/09/2019 
Dernière mise à jour : 09/04/2021  

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Nom scientifique CD_NOM Règne Classe Ordre Famille Date première observation Date dernière observation Fiche

Chiffres clés :

 35 données 
 21 espèces 
 21 taxons 

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