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1310 - Végétations pionnières à Salicornia et autres espèces annuelles des zones boueuses et sableuses

Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Formations composed mostly or predominantly of annuals, in particular Chenopodiaceae of the genus Salicornia or grasses, colonising periodically inundated muds and sands of marine or interior salt marshes. Thero-Salicornietea, Frankenietea pulverulentae, Saginetea maritimae.
Sub-types
15.11 - Glasswort swards (Thero-Salicornietalia): annual glasswort (Salicornia spp., Microcnemum coralloides), seablite (Suaeda maritima), or sometimes salwort (Salsola spp.) formations colonising periodically inundated muds of coastal saltmarshes and inland salt-basins.
15.12 - Mediterranean halo-nitrophilous pioneer communities (Frankenion pulverulentae): formations of halo-nitrophilous annuals (Frankenia pulverulenta, Suaeda splendens, Salsola soda, Cressa cretica, Parapholis incurva, P. strigosa, Hordeum marinum, Sphenopus divaricatus) colonising salt muds of the Mediterranean region, susceptible to temporary inundation and extreme drying;
15.13 - Atlantic sea-pearlwort communities (Saginion maritimae): formations of annual pioneers occupying sands subject to variable salinity and humidity, on the coasts, in dune systems and saltmarshes. They are usually limited to small areas and best developed in the zone of contact between dune and saltmarsh.
15.14 Central Eurasian crypsoid communities : Sparse solonchak formations of annual grasses of genus Crypsis (Heleochloa) colonizing drying muds of humid depressions of the salt steppes and saltmarshes (15.A) of Eurasia, from Pannonia to the Far East.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: 15.11 - Salicornia spp., Microcnemum coralloides, Suaeda maritima; 15.12 - Frankenia pulverulenta, Suaeda splendens, Salsola soda, Cressa cretica, Parapholis incurva, P. strigosa, Hordeum marinum, Sphenopus divaricatus; 15.13 - Sagina maritima, S. nodosa, Cochlearia danica, Gentiana littorale, Bupleurum tenuissimum ; 15.14 - Crypsis spp, Cyperus pannonicus, Spergularia media, Spergularia marina, Salicornia spp., Lepidium latifolium, Chenopodium spp., Atriplex spp. Dianthus guttatus, Artemisia santonicum.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

15.1

Correspondances avec d'autres classifications

United Kingdom classification: ‘SM7 Arthrocnemum perenne stands', ‘SM8 Annual Salicornia saltmarsh', ‘SM9 Suaeda maritima saltmarsh' and ‘SM27 Ephemeral saltmarsh vegetation with Sagina maritima'.
Nordic classification: 15.11 - ‘4233 Salicornia strictissima-typ', ‘4252 Salicornia europaea-typ', ‘4253 Spergularia salina-typ'.

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)

Ericson, L. et Wallentinus, H.-G. (1979). Sea-shore vegetation around the Gulf of Bothnia. Guide for the International Society for Vegetation Science, July-August 1977. Wahlenbergia 5:1-142. Sanda V. et Popescu A. (1991). La cénotaxonomie des phytocénoses halophyles (Puccinellio- Salicornietrea Topa, 39) de Roumanie. (II). Rev.Roum de Biol., Sér.Bot.,