9320 - Forêts à Olea et Ceratonia

Olea and Ceratonia forests

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Thermo-Mediterranean or thermo-Canarian woodland dominated by arborescent Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis or, in the Canary Islands, by Olea europaea ssp. cerasiformis and Pistacia atlantica. Most formations will be listed as arborescent matorral (35.12), but a few stands may have a sufficiently tall, closed canopy to qualify for this unit.
Sub-types :
45.11 - Wild olive woodland
Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris - dominated formations. A climax olive forest, with Ceratonia siliqua and Pistacia lentiscus exists on the north flank of Djebel Ichkeul in northern Tunisia.
Elsewhere, the communities most resembling olive forest are found in southern Andalusia (Tamo communis-Oleetum sylvestris: extinct?), in Menorca (Prasio majoris-Oleetum sylvestris),
Sardinia, Sicily, Calabria, Crete.
45.12 - Carob woodland
Ceratonia siliqua - dominated formations, often with Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris and Pistacia lentiscus. The most developed examples, some truly forest-like, are to be found in Tunisia, on
the slopes of the Djebel, where they constitute carob-dominated facies of the wild olive woodlands (45.11), in Mallorca (Cneoro tricocci-Ceratonietum siliquae), in eastern Sardinia, in south-eastern Sicily, in Puglia, in Crete.
45.13 - Canarian olive woodland
Olea europaea ssp. cerasiformis and Pistacia atlantica formations of the Canary Islands.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis, Olea europaea ssp. cerasiformis, Pistacia atlantica.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

45.1

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)