An essentially monospecific association, with the pioneer Rhizophora mangle as the sole dominant.
Cuba: often in keys; Bahamas, Puerto Rico,Caribbean.
This association represents pure, somewhat extensive stands of the priserial Rhizophora belt.
Red-mangrove forest (Dansereau 1966); Manglar (Areces-Mallea 1978), in part; Bosques de mangle (Capote et al. 1989).
Ciferri (1936); Stehlé (1945); Dansereau (1966); Asprey & Robbins (1953); Borhidi (1991).
A. E. Areces-Mallea, A. S. Weakley, X. Li, R. G. Sayre, J. D. Parrish, C. V. Tipton & T. Boucher, 1999. A Guide to Carribbean Vegetation Types : Preliminary Classification System and Description. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA, 166p. (Source)