8130 - Éboulis ouest-méditerranéens et thermophiles

Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Screes of warm exposures in the Alps and the Pyrenees, of calcareous substrates in the Pyrenees, of Mediterranean mountains, hills and lowlands and, locally, of warm, sunny middle European upland or lowland sites. The vegetation belongs to the Androsacetalia alpinae p., Thlaspietalia rotundifolii p., Stipetalia calamagrostis and Polystichetalia lonchitis orders.
Sub-types :
61.31 - Peri-Alpine thermophilous screes. Stipion calamagrostidis, Leontodontion hyoseroidis.
Mostly coarse, unstabilized, sunny calcareous screes of the montane and sub-alpine levels of the Alps and of the uplands and lowlands of western and central middle Europe.
61.32 - Provençal screes. Pimpinello-Gouffeion.
Screes of Mediterranean southern France, with Gouffeia arenarioides, Ptychotis heterophylla, Linaria supina, Centranthus ruber, Crucianella latifolia.
61.33 - Pyreneo-Alpine thermo-siliceous screes. Senecion leucophyllae, Taraxacion pyrenaici.
Siliceous screes of warm slopes of the sub-alpine level of the Alps and of the alpine and subalpine levels of the Pyrenees, usually composed largely of big stones or boulders, with Senecio leucophyllus, Taraxacum pyrenaicum, Galeopsis pyrenaica, Xatartia scabra, Armeria alpina.
61.34 - Pyrenean calcareous screes. Iberidion spathulatae.
Calcareous screes of the Pyrenees.
61.35 - Oro-Cantabrian calcareous screes. Linarion filicaulis, Saxifragion praetermissae.
Basiphile screes of the Cordillera Cantabrica.
61.36 - Oro-Cantabrian siliceous screes. Linarion filicaulis p., Linario-Senecion carpetani p.
Siliceous screes of the Cordillera Cantabrica; floristically rich formations of the "dark" screes of the Cordillera are related to those of 61.351, though somewhat intermediate towards 61.38; other more species-poor ones, characterised by Trisetum hispidum and Rumex suffruticosus, belong to the latter.
61.37 - Iberian fern screes. Dryopteridion oreadis, Dryopteridion submontanae.
Fern-dominated chaotic, boulder fields of siliceous and calcareous Iberian mountains.
61.38 - Carpetano-Iberian siliceous screes. Linario-Senecion carpetani.
Screes of the Cordillera Central, the Iberian Range, the Leonese mountains, with Linaria saxatilis, L. alpina, Digitalis purpurea var. carpetana, Senecio pyrenaicus ssp. carpetanus, Rumex suffruticosus, Santolina oblongifolia, Conopodium butinioides, Reseda gredensis.
61.39 - Nevadan siliceous screes. Holcion caespitosae.
Siliceous screes of the high levels of the Sierra Nevada, very rich in endemics.
61.3A - Southern Iberian calcareous screes. Platycapno-Iberidion granatensis, Scrophularion sciaphilae
Screes of the calcareous Baetic mountains of southern and south-eastern Iberia.
61.3B - Central Mediterranean screes
Screes of the Italian peninsula and of the large Mediterranean islands.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: 61.31 - Achnatherum calamagrostis, Galeopsis angustifolia, Gymnocarpium robertianum, Lentodon hyoseroides, Sisymbrium supinum, Linaria supina; 61.32 - Gouffeia arenarioides,Ptychotis heterophylla, Centranthus ruber, Crucianella latifolia; 61.33 - Senecio leucophyllus, Taraxacum pyrenaicum, Xatartia scabra, Armeria alpina; 61.34 - Iberis spathulata, Papaver suaveolens, Galium cometerhizon, Plantago monosperma, Viola lapeyrousiana, Campanula jaubertiana, Crepis pygmaea, Doronicum grandiflorum, Campanula cochleariaefolia, Carduus carlinoides, Galium cespitosum, Festuca glacialis, Androsace ciliata, Saxifraga oppositifolia, Hutchinsia alpina, Galium pyrenaicum, Minuartia cerastiifolia, Saxifraga praetermissa, S. aizoides, Epilobium anagallidifolium, Veronica alpina, Taraxacum alpinum, Crepis pygmaea; 64.35 - Linaria filicaulis, Arabis cantabrica, Iberis lereschiana, Ranunculus parnassifolius ssp. favargeri, Crepis pygmaea, Iberis aperta, Rumex scutatus, Epilobium anagallidifolium, Doronicum grandiflorum ssp. braunblanquetii, Campanula arvatica, Saxifraga praetermissa, Arabis cantabrica, Ranunculus alpestris ssp. leroyi, Salix breviserrata, Galium pyrenaicum; 61.38 - Linaria saxatilis, L. alpina, Digitalis purpurea var. carpetana, Senecio pyrenaicus ssp. carpetanus, Rumex suffruticosus, Santolina oblongifolia, Conopodium butinioides, Reseda gredensis; 61.39 - Senecio tournefortii var. granatensis, Digitalis purpurea var. nevadensis, Cirsium gregarium, Solidago virgaurea var. alpestris, Holcus caespitosus, Crepis oporinoides, Eryngium glaciale, Linaria aeruginea var. nevadensis, Viola crassiuscula, Linaria glacialis, Rhynchosinapis cheiranthos ssp. nevadensis,Ranunculus glacialis, R. parnassifolius, Saxifraga oppositifolia, Papaver suaveolens, Holcus caespitosus, Crepis oporinoides.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

61.3

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)