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9130 - Hêtraies de l'Asperulo-Fagetum

Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Fagus sylvatica and, in higher mountains, Fagus sylvatica-Abies alba or Fagus sylvatica-Abies alba-Picea abies forests developed on neutral or near-neutral soils, with mild humus (mull), of the medio-European and Atlantic domains of Western Europe and of central and northern Central Europe, characterised by a strong representation of species belonging to the ecological groups of Anemone nemorosa, of Lamiastrum (Lamium) galeobdolon, of Galium odoratum and Melica uniflora and, in mountains, various Dentaria spp., forming a richer and more abundant herb layer than in the forests of 9110 and 9120.
Sub-types :
41.131 - Medio-European collinar neutrophilous beech forests
Neutrocline or basicline Fagus sylvatica and Fagus sylvatica-Quercus petraea-Quercus robur forests of hills, low mountains and plateaux of the Hercynian arc and its peripheral regions, of the Jura, Lorraine, the Paris basin, Burgundy, the Alpine piedmont, the Carpathians and a few localities of the North Sea-Baltic plain.
41.132 - Atlantic neutrophile beech forests
Atlantic beech and beech-oak forests with Hyacinthoides non-scripta, of southern England, the Boulonnais, Picardy, the Oise, Lys and Schelde basins.
41.133 - Medio-European montane neutrophilous beech forests
Neutrophile forests of Fagus sylvatica, Fagus sylvatica and Abies alba, Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies, or Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba and Picea abies of the montane and high-montane levels of the Jura, the northern and eastern Alps, the western Carpathians and the great Hercynian ranges.
41.134 - Bohemian lime-beech forests
Fagus sylvatica or Fagus sylvatica-Abies alba forests rich in Tilia spp., of the Bohemian basin.
41.135 - Pannonic neutrophilme beech forests
Neutrophilous beech forests of medio-European affinities of the hills of the Pannonic plain and its western periphery.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba, Picea abies, Anemone nemorosa, Lamiastrum (Lamium) galeobdolon, Galium odoratum, Melica uniflora, Dentaria spp.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

41.13

Correspondances avec d'autres classifications

United Kingdom classification: ‘W12 Fagus sylvatica-Mercurialis perennis woodland p.p.' and ‘W14 Fagus sylvatica-Rubus fruticosus woodland p.p.'.
Nordic classification: ‘2222 Fagus sylvatica-Lamiastrum galeobdolon-Melica uniflora-typ' and ‘2223 Fagus sylvatica-Mercurialis perennis-Allium ursinum-typ'.
Romanian classification: "R4118 Paduri dacice de fag (Fagus sylvatica) si carpen (Carpinus betulus) cu Dentaria bulbifera", "R4119 Pãduri dacice de fag (Fagus sylvatica) si carpen (Carpinsu betulus) cu Carex pilosa","R4120 Pãduri moldave mixte de fag (Fagus sylvatica) si tei argintiu (Tilia tomentosa) cu Carex brevicolis'

Remarques

Relict stands of collinar neutrophilous beech forests of the Macin Mountains of Dobrogea, Romania are the priority habitat 91X0*Dobrogean Beech forests

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)

Bergendorff, C., larsson, A. et Nihlgård, B. (1979). Sydliga lövskogsbestånd i Sverige. Statens naturvårdsverk. Rapport. SNV PM 1278, Solna, 68 pp.