4030 - Landes sèches européennes

European dry heaths

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Mesophile or xerophile heaths on siliceous, podsolic soils in moist Atlantic and sub-Atlantic climates of plains and low mountains of Western, Central and Northern Europe.
Sub-types:
31.21 - Sub-montane Vaccinium-Calluna heaths. Calluno-Genistion pilosae p.(Vaccinion vitis- idaeae p.):Vaccinio myrtilli-Callunetum s.l. i.a.
Heaths rich in Vaccinium spp., usually with Calluna vulgaris, of the northern and western British Isles, the Hercynian ranges and the lower levels of the Alps, the Carpathians, the Pyrenees and the Cordillera Cantabrica.
31.22 - Sub-Atlantic Calluna-Genista heaths. Calluno-Genistion pilosae p.
Low Calluna heaths often rich in Genista, mostly of the Germano-Baltic lowlands. Similar formations occurring in British upland areas, montane zones of high mountains of the western Mediterranean basin and high rainfall Adriatic influenced areas are most conveniently listed here.
31.23 - Atlantic Erica-Ulex heaths. Ulicenion minoris; Daboecenion cantabricae p.; Ulicion maritimae p.
Heaths rich in gorse (Ulex) of the Atlantic margins.
31.24 - Ibero-Atlantic Erica-Ulex-Cistus heaths. Daboecenion cantabricae p.; Ericenion umbellatae p., Ericenion aragonensis; Ulicion maritimae p.; Genistion micrantho-anglicae p. Aquitanian heaths with rock-roses. Iberian heaths with numerous species of heathers (notably Erica umbellata, E. aragonensis) and brooms, rock-roses and often Daboecia. When the rock- roses and other Mediterranean shrubs become dominant they should be classified under sclerophyllous scrubs (32).
31.25 - Boreo-Atlantic Erica cinerea heaths.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: 31.21 - Vaccinium spp., Calluna vulgaris; 31.22 - Calluna vulgaris, Genista anglica, G. germanica, G. pilosa, accompanied by Empetrum nigrum or Vaccinium spp.; 31.23 - Ulex maritimus, U. gallii, Erica cinerea, E. mackaiana, E. vagans; 31.24 - Erica umbellata, E. aragonensis, E. cinerea, E. andevalensis, Cistus salvifolius, Calluna vulgaris; 31.25 - Erica cinerea.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

31.2

Correspondances avec d'autres classifications

United Kingdom classification: ‘H1 Calluna vulgaris-Festuca ovina heath', ‘H2 Calluna vulgaris- Ulex minor heath', ‘H3 Ulex minor-Agrostis curtisii heath', ‘H4 Ulex gallii-Agrostis curtisii heath', ‘H7 Calluna vulgaris-Scilla verna heath', ‘H8 Calluna vulgaris-Ulex gallii heath', ‘H9 Calluna vulgaris-Deschampsia flexuosa heath', ‘H10 Calluna vulgaris-Erica cinerea heath', ‘H12 Calluna vulgaris-Vaccinium myrtillus heaths', ‘H16 Calluna vulgaris-Arctostaphylos uva-ursi heath', ‘ H18 Vaccinium myrtillus- Deschampsia flexuosa heath' and ‘H21 Calluna vulgaris- Vaccinium myrtillus-Sphagnum capillifolium heath'.
Nordic classification : ‘5111 Rhacomitrium lanuginosum-Empetrum hermaphroditum-typ', ‘5113 Calluna vulgaris-Empetrum nigrum-Vaccinium vitis-idea-typ', ‘5115 Calluna vulgaris- typ', ‘5116 Vaccinium myrtillus- Calluna vulgaris-typ', ‘5117 Calluna vulgaris- Hieracium pilosella-typ', ‘5131 Deschampsia flexuosa-Galium saxatile-typ', ‘5132 Agrostis capillaris-Galium saxatile-typ'.

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)