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4080 - Fourrés de Salix spp. subarctiques

Sub-Arctic Salix spp. scrub

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Subarctic and boreo-alpine willow formations of the Scottish Highlands, the mountains of Iceland and the mountains of Scandinavia (often along streams) and similar communities in the Alps, Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains, Carpathians, and associated massifs.
Subtypes :
31.6211 - Alpigenous small willow brush
Subalpine, alpine and occasionally montane brushes and low scrubs of the Alps, the Apennines, the Jura and the western great Hercynian ranges, dominated by small shrubby (generally 0.5-2 metre tall) Salix species.
31.6214 - Pyreneo-Cantabric willow brush
Subalpine, alpine and occasionally montane Salix dominated brushes and low scrubs of the Pyrenees and the Cordillera Cantabrica.
31.6215 - Hercynio-Carpathian willow brush
Subalpine, alpine and occasionally montane Salix dominated brushes and low scrubs of the Carpathians and the eastern Hercynian ranges of the Sudeten (Salicetum lapponum, Salici silesiacae-Betuletum carpaticae [p.], Piceo-Salicetum silesiacae [i.a.]).
31.622 - Boreo-Alpine willow brush
Subarctic willow formations of the Highlands of Scotland, of the mountains of Iceland and of the boreal mountains of Scandinavia.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: Salix lapponum, S. lanata, S. arbuscula, S. myrsinites, S. glauca, S. helvetica, S. bicolor.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

31.6211, 31.6214, 31.6215, 31.622

Correspondances avec d'autres classifications

United Kingdom classification: ‘W20 Salix lapponum-Luzula sylvatica scrub'. Nordic classification: ‘127 Videvegetation'.

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)