9540 - Pinèdes méditerranéennes de pins mésogéens endémiques

Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic woods of thermophilous pines, mostly appearing as substitution or paraclimactic stages of forests of the Quercetalia ilicis or Ceratonio-Rhamnetalia. Long- established plantations of these pines, within their natural area of occurrence, and with an undergrowth basically similar to that of paraclimactic formations, are included.
Sub-types :
42.81 - Maritime pine forests
Forests and plantations of Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica of south-western France and the western Iberian peninsula.
42.82 - Mesogean pine forests
Forests of Pinus pinaster ssp. pinaster (=Pinus mesogeensis) of the western Mediterranean, mostly in siliceous meso-Mediterranean, upper meso-Mediterranean and supra-Mediterranean
situations of Spain, Corsica, south-eastern France, north-western Italy, Sardinia and Pantelleria.
42.821 - Iberian mesogean pine forests
Pinus pinaster forests of the Iberian peninsula, appearing mostly as substitution communities of Quercus rotundifolia, Q. pyrenaica or, locally, Q. suber, Q. faginea woodlands.
42.822 - Corbières mesogean pine forests
Isolated Pinus pinaster - dominated woods of the Corbières.
42.823 - Franco-Italian mesogean pine forests
Pinus pinaster forests of siliceous lower meso-Mediterranean areas of Provence, of marls and limestones of the upper meso-Mediterranean level of the Maritime Alps and the Ligurian Alps, and of mostly siliceous or clayey soils of the hills of Liguria and Tuscany.
42.824 - Corsican mesogean pine forests
Pinetum pinastri, Erico-Arbutetum p., Galio-Pinetum p.
Pinus pinaster-dominated forests of the meso- and supra-Mediterranean levels of Corsica, mostly on granitic substrates; they are very developed, accompanied by a maquis-like understory, in the meso-Mediterranean zone, mostly in its upper levels; they occur locally within the supra-Mediterranean zone, on adrets and at lower altitudes, as facies of laricio pine forests.
42.825 - Sardinian mesogean pine forests
Pinus pinaster formations on granitic substrates of northern Sardinia, with Arbutus unedo, Quercus ilex, Rosmarinus officinalis, Erica arborea, Genista corsica, Lavandula stoechas, Rubia peregrina, Calicotome spinosa, Pistacia lentiscus, Teucrium marum.
42.826 - Pantellerian mesogean pine forests
Pinus pinaster woods of Pantelleria.
42.83 - Stone pine forests
Mediterranean forests and old naturalised plantations of Pinus pinea. Old introductions in many areas often makes the distinction between self sown forests and long-established formations of artificial origin difficult. These are thus included here, while recent, obviously artificial groves are not.
42.831 - Iberian stone pine forests
Pinus pinea forests of the Iberian peninsula, where they reach their greatest development.
42.832 - Balearic stone pine woods
Pinus pinea formations of the Balearic Islands, native only on Ibiza and Formentera.
42.833 - Provence stone pine woods
Pinus pinea formations of Provence, possibly spontaneous on coastal sands and in the Maures area.
42.834 - Corsican stone pine woods
Pinus pinea formations of the littoral of Corsica, some of which may be of natural origin, in particular on old dunes of the east coast.
42.835 - Sardinian stone pine forests
Pinus pinea formations of Sardinia.

Description (suite)

42.836 - Sicilian stone pine forests
Pinus pinea formations of the Monti Peloritani, north-western Sicily, of probable native origin.
42.837 - Peninsular Italian stone pine forests
Large, ancient, Pinus pinea plantations of the Tyrennian, and locally, Adriatic coasts of the Italian peninsula, in Liguria, Toscany, Latium, Campania, Emilia-Romana (Ravenna) and Friuli-Venetia Giulia (Grado).
42.838 - Greek stone pine forests
Pinus pinea woods of the littoral and coastal hills of the Peloponnese, Chalcidice, Crete and Aegean islands, rather local but probably in part, at least, spontaneous; a splendid example exists, in particular, on Skiathos.
42.84 - Aleppo pine forests
Woods of Pinus halepensis, a frequent colonist of thermo- and calcicolous meso-Mediterranean scrubs. The distinction between spontaneous forests and long-established formations of artificial origin is often difficult. The latter are thus included here, while recent, obviously artificial groves are not.
42.841 - Iberian Aleppo pine forests
Pinus halepensis forests of Spain, considered native for at least two-thirds of their considerable expanse; they are mostly restricted to eastern regions on the Mediterranean slope of the Catalonian mountains, the Maestrazgo, the pre-Baetic ranges of the upper Guadalquivir basin, the southern Andalusian mountains; they penetrate farther inland in the Ebro basin and around the headwaters of the Tagus and Guadalquivir systems.
42.842 - Balearic Aleppo pine forests
Pinus halepensis formations of the Balearics, present and probably native on all the major islands.
42.843 - Provenço-Ligurian Aleppo pine forests
Mostly lower meso-Mediterranean Pinus halepensis forests of Provence and of the lower slopes and coastlines of the Maritime and Ligurian Alps, extensive and undoubtedly native.
42.844 - Corsican Aleppo pine woods
Rare and local Pinus halepensis woods of the Corsican coasts, some, at least, possibly natural.
42.845 - Sardinian Aleppo pine woods
Pinus halepensis formations of Sardinia, where certainly native woods occur on Isola di San Pietro and the Sulcis coast of Iglesiente.
42.846 - Sicilian Aleppo pine woods
Pinus halepensis formations of Sicily and peripheral islands (Egadi, Lampedusa, Pantelleria).
42.847 - Peninsular Italian Aleppo pine forests
Pinus halepensis formations of the Italian peninsula; extensive, probably at least partially native ones are individualised in the subdivisions below.
42.848 - Greek Aleppo pine forests
Pinus halepensis formations of Greece, where the species is relatively widespread, particularly in Attica, Thessaly, the coasts of the Peloponnese and of central continental Greece, the Ionian islands, Chalcidici, the northern Sporades, Euboea and Skiros.
42.85 - Aegean pine forests
Pinus brutia forests of Crete and eastern Aegean islands. Eastern vicariants of Aleppo pine forests (42.84), they comprise, however, taller, more luxuriant, and often extensive, formations.
Disjunct formations of this pine or of related species, described from Crimea and the Caucasian region (Pinus pityusa, Pinus stankewiczii, Pinus eldarica) have been included..
42.851 - Aegean pine forests of Crete
Pinus brutia-dominated forests of Crete and its satellite islands Gavdos and Gaidaronisi, pure or mixed with Cupressus sempervirens; they are widespread in particular in the White Mountains, the Psiloriti range, the Dikti range and, locally, in the Sitia mountains and the Asterousia mountains.
42.852 - Aegean pine forests of Lesbos
Extensive Pinus brutia forests of Lesbos, occupying Mount Olympus and surrounding hills in the south-eastern quadrant of the island, as well as parts of the Kuratsonas range in the north-west; these forests harbour the only European population of the nuthatch Sitta krueperi and the most significant one of the orchid Comperia comperiana.
42.853 - Aegean pine forests of Samos
Pinus brutia forests covering large expanses of Samos, in particular in the Ambelos range, the Kerki mountains, the southern hills and the north-eastern peninsula.
42.854 - Aegean pine woods of Chios
Remnant forests of Chios with a composition and stratification similar to those of the forests of Samos.
42.855 - Aegean pine forests of Thasos
Broad Pinus brutia belt on the lower reaches of Thasos, up to about 400 to 500 metres, mixed with Pinus pallasiana in the higher areas.
42.856 - Aegean pine woods of Samothrace
Mostly sparse Pinus brutia formations of the lowlands of Samothrace.
42.857 - Aegean pine forests of Rhodes
Remnant Pinus brutia forests of Rhodes, still represented by some relatively natural formations with rich scrub undergrowth.
42.858 - Aegean pine forests of Karpathos
Fairly extensive Pinus brutia forests of Karpathos, distributed, in particular, in the northern coastal area, the southern interior and the middle elevation of Kali Limni.
42.859 - Aegean pine forests of the Dodecanese
Pinus brutia formations of the islands of Simi, Kos, Leros and Ikaria.

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica, Pinus pinaster ssp. pinaster (=Pinus mesogeensis), Pinus pinea, Pinus halepensis, Pinus brutia.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

42.8

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)