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9560 - Forêts endémiques à Juniperus spp.

Endemic forests with Juniperus spp.

Liste hiérarchisée et descriptifs des habitats d'intérêt communautaire de la directive "Habitats"

Description

Medium altitude forest formations dominated by Juniperus spp. The arborescent matorrals (32.13 and 31.3) should not be included.
Sub-types :
42.A2 - Spanish juniper woods (Juniperon thuriferae) - forest formations dominated by Juniperus thuriferae of Spain (calcareous substrates in the supra-Mediterranean levels of the Iberian Range and neighbouring plateaux, often with Pinus sylvestris, P. salzmannii, Juniperus hemisphaerica and Berberis hispanica; enclaves on the periphery of and within the Sierra de Guadarrama, occurring both on rare local limestone deposits and in a few siliceous stations; dry, warm, rocky, calcareous southern slopes of the Cordillera Cantabrica, between the Rio Pisuerga and the Rio Luna, with Juniperus nana, J. sabina, Berberis vulgaris ssp. cantabrica, Rhamnus alpinus,Viburnum lantana; gypsiferous soils of the Ebro basin, with Rhamnus lycioides; clay soils of the Campo de Montiel; Sierra Taibilla), southern France (Montagne de Rie); warm calcareous supra-Mediterranean slopes of the south-western Alps, in Drôme, Hautes-Alpes and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, between 700 and 1200 metres; warm calcareous supra-Mediterranean slopes of the Isère valley, in the western Alps, between 300 and 500 metres; valleys in the interior of Corsica -Pinnera, Rudda, Pruniccia - sometimes mixed with Pinus laricio;
42.A3 - Grecian juniper woods (Juniperetum excelsae) - forest formations dominated by Juniperus excelsa, of the Ostryo-Carpinion zone of the mountains of northern Greece (up to 900-1000m, around lake Prespa);
42.A4 - Stinking juniper woods - forest formations dominated by Juniperus foetidissima on adrets of the upper supra-Mediterranean level in Greece;
42.A5 - Syrian juniper woods - Juniperus drupacea woods of the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, Greece;
42.A8 - Macaronesian juniper woods - Juniperus cedrus formations of the high altitudes in Tenerife, La Palma, Gomera, Gran Canaria, restricted to steep rocky slopes; Juniperus phoenicea formations of Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro, Gran Canaria, La Gomera (Maytenio-Juniperion phoeniceae p.); endemic Juniperus brevifolia formations of the Azores (Juniperion brevifoliae p.).

Espèces caractéristiques

Plants: Juniperus brevifolia, J. cedrus, J. drupacea, J. excelsa, J. foetidissima, J. oxycedrus, J. phoenicea, J. thurifera.

Correspondances avec la classification du Paléarctique

42.A2 to 42.A5 and 42.A8

Remarques

The arborescent matorrals of Juniperus thurifera (32.136), Juniperus excelsa and J. foetidissima (32.133), Juniperus drupacea (32.135) and the ericoid-dominated facies of the Macaronesian Juniperus formations (31.3) are generally associated in the field, but they should not be included in this habitat type.

Bibliographie

Conseil de l'Union européenne, 2013. Directive 2013/17/UE du Conseil du 13 mai 2013 portant adaptation de certaines directives dans le domaine de l'environnement, du fait de l'adhésion de la République de Croatie. Annexes. Partie B Protection de la nature. Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L 158 du 10/06/2013, p. : 195-203. (Source)